Mammals (CLASS OF ANIMALS) Quick Reference

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Mammals have hair (some time during their lifespans).

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Mammals have 3 middle-ear bones (stirrup, anvil, hammer).

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Mammal mothers feed milk from their bodies to their infants.

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Birds and mammals are warm-blooded.

PHYLUM: Chordates: Animals with backbones

SUBPHYLUM: Vertebrates: Animals with segmented backbones

 Mammals

24 Orders (This is under scrutiny and debate)

Phylum

and Subphylum

Class Orders

Suborders and Families

Examples Diet Live Birth

or

Lay Eggs

Carnivores

Retractable claws- Felines

 

Long snouts and non-retractable claws - Canines

 

 

Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 2 SUBORDERS

Felines

Canines

Felines

 Cats (pets)

Big Cats

Mongooses

Hyenas

Canines

---------

Dogs (pets)

Wild Dogs  

Bears

Raccoons

Mustelids

Carnivores (Flesh eaters)

 

Some carnivores eat plants as well.

Examples are  raccoons and  bears.

Live birth (placental)
Primates

 

 

Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 2 SUBORDERS

Prosimians (longer snouts)

Anthropoids

 

Prosimians Lemurs    Lorises      Aye-Ayes Tarsiers

Anthropoids Marmosets Monkeys Gibbons Gorillas  Orangutans Chimpanzees Baboons     Apes     Humans

Herbivores,

Carnivores and Omnivores 

(depending on

species)

Live birth (placental)
Ungulates

Hoofed Mammals

Order of Even-Toed Mammals

Order of Odd-Toed Mammmals

Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia

2 Orders

Even-toed hoofed mammals

 

Odd-toed hoofed mammals

 

EvenToed

Deer        Sheep Antelopes  Cattle    Giraffes Peccaries  Hippos     Camels      Goats      Llamas

Odd Toed

Horses 

Rhinos

Tapirs

 

Herbivores

(plant-eaters)

Live birth (placental)
Whales and Porpoises Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 2 SUBORDERS

Baleen Whales

Toothed Whales

 
Baleen  

Gray whales  Right whales  Fin-backed whales Humpbacked whales

Toothed Dolphins,

Orcas 

Narwhals Belugas

Sperm whales

Carnivores Live birth (Placental)
Lagomorphs

 

Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 2 families Rabbits Hares

Pikas

Mainly

Herbivores

Live birth (Placental)
Insectivores

 

Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 3 families Hedgehogs

Moles

Shrews

Carnivores/ Insectivores

Insect eaters

Live birth (Placental)
Bats (Winged Mammals) Chordata and Vertebrata   2 SUBORDERS

Small bats

Large bats

Small bats

 

Large bats

Carnivores/

Insectivores - Small bats species eat insects and small animals.

 Herbivores -Large bats species eat nectar and fruits.

Live birth (Placental)
Marsupials (Pouched Mammals)  Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 9 Families Kangaroos

Opossums

Koalas

Bandicoots

Wombats

Wallabies

Herbivores - Most species eat leaves, fruit, roots, seeds, fungi.

Omnivores - Some species also eat insects.

Live birth (pouches)
Monotremes (Egg-laying Mammals) Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 2 families Echidnas

Platypuses

Carnivores Egg-laying
Edentatae (Toothless mammals) Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 3 families Armadillos Sloths      Hairy anteaters Sloths- Herbivores

Anteaters - Insectivores

Armadillos - Omnivores

Live birth (Placental)
Rodents (gnawing mammals) Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 3 Suborders

 

Beavers

Chipmunks Squirrels Marmots

Mice Gerbils Hamsters Lemmings Muskrats Rats Gophers jerboas

Carnivores Live birth (Placental)
Serenia

Dugongs and Manatees

Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 2 families Dugongs

Manatees

Dugongs - Herbivores (sea grass)

Manatees -Herbivores

Live birth (Placental)
Aardvarks Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia  1 family / ORYCTEROPUS AFER
Aardvark
Omnivores (Ants, termites, wild cucumber) Live birth (placental)
Elephants Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 2 families African Elephant

Asian Elephant

Herbivores Live birth (placental)
Pangolins Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 1 family/ 7species Giant Pangolin Insectivores (ants and termites) Live births (placental)
Pinnipeds (Finned mammals)

  Seals

  Walruses

Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 3 families

Eared seals & Sea lions

Walruses

Earless seals

 

California Sea Lion

Walrus

Elephant Seal

Weddell Seal

Carnivores (Flesh eaters)

 

Live birth (placental)
Hyracoidea

Hyraxes and  Dassies

Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 1 family/ only 9 species Procaviidae

African Rock Hyrax

Herbivores Live birth (placental)
Dermoptera (Gliding tree mammals)

 

Chordata and Vertebrata Mammalia 1 family Colugos - Tree mammals from Asia Herbivores Live birth (placental)

Source: "Mammals."Animal Diversity Web. Accessed January 13, 2007. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

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