QueSPER Research Projects

Planets in the Solar System

Venus

VenusVenus

 

Venus

Venus Printout 

 

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How far is Venus from the Sun?
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Venus is the second closest planet to the Sun.

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Venus is has an average of 67 million miles from the Sun.

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Venus is 108.2 million kilometers from the Sun.

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Venus is  .7233 AU* from the Sun.

 

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How big is Venus?
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Venus is nearly the same size as Earth; it is about 9/10 the size of Earth.

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Venus's diameter is 12,104 kilometers or 7,521 miles across.

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Venus is the 6th largest planet in the Solar System.

 

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What does Venus look like?
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Venus is rocky and dusty. The rocks and other features are probably a reddish-brown color.

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Venus has mountains, volcanoes, canyons and plains and large hardened lava flows. Some of the volcanoes may be active.

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Its atmosphere is mostly carbon dioxide (95%).

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Thick layers of clouds above the surface of the planet are composed of sulfuric acid.

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Its temperature is a constant 900 F at the surface, day and night. It is hot enough to melt lead.

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Venus has no moons or rings.

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When we look at Venus with our eyes, we see a bright whitish-yellow ball.

 

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Why is this planet named Venus?
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Venus is named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty probably because it is so bright.

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Venus is also called the "Evening Star" and the "Morning Star" since at can be seen at both times.

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Venus has been known since ancient times.

 

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Can we see Venus in the sky at night?
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Yes, it is the second brightest object in the night sky.  The moon in the brightest.  It is visible nine months out of the year.  Check the Sky Maps to see if it is visible now.

*One AU is the distance from the center of the Earth to the center of the Sun.

Generic QueSPER Research Worksheet

Links to Other Sites

bulletExplore a Planet - Venus
bullet Astronomy for Kids

Books and References

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Time for Kids Almanac 2003 with Information Please. NY: Time for Kids Books, 2002. RL 4.5 Dewey 031.02
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Farndon, John. The Giant Book of Space. Brookfield,CT: Copper Beech Bks, 2000. RL 4.5 Dewey 523.4
  "The Solar System 12/2006: 8 Planets; The New Cosmic Order". National Geographic Magazine. Map Insert. Dec., 2006. RL 8.0

Other Links to Sites

Nine Planets: Venus

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